Printable referencing guides
Harvard is an author-date referencing style widely accepted in scholarly circles. Each reference is indicated in the text by the author and date of the publication cited, sometimes with added information, such as page numbers. The full details of these references are listed at the end of the text in a Reference list. Always follow information given to you by your lecturer regarding referencing.
- RMIT Harvard referencing guide with examples (DOCX, 214 KB, 46 pages); updated February 2022
The above guide is based on the Referencing and attribution section of the Australian Government Style Manual (AGSM) released in 2021.
APA is an author-date referencing style produced by the American Psychological Association. Initially developed for the social sciences, it is used by a number of disciplines. There have been several editions of the Publication Manual, the aim of which is to aid authors in the preparation of manuscripts. Always follow information given to you by your lecturer regarding referencing.
- APA referencing examples (DOCX, 149 KB, 25 pages); updated January 2021
The above APA guide is based on the latest, 7th edition of the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association published in 2020.
Vancouver is a numbered referencing style that is predominantly used in the medical field. It follows rules established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. It is also known as: Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals. Each source is given the same number each time it is referred to in the work. Always follow information given to you by your lecturer regarding referencing.
- Vancouver referencing examples (DOCX, 214 KB, 16 pages); updated December 2020
- Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers (2nd ed)
- Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
Chicago is a referencing style developed by the University of Chicago. It offers two different types of referencing, either: (a) a footnotes-bibliography style, or (b) an author-date style. Always follow information given to you by your lecturer regarding referencing.
- Chicago 17th edition notes and bibliography
- Chicago referencing examples (DOCX, 38 KB, 9 pages); updated May 2018
- The Chicago manual of style, 17th edition
- The Chicago manual of style, 16th edition
- The Chicago Manual of Style Online (The online version of the 17th edition. There is a free Quick Guide, as well as a Q&A section.)
The IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) citation style is a numbered referencing style used in electrical, electronic and computing publications. IEEE provides instructions for authors for each type of publication such as journals, magazines, newsletters, and standards. References are numbered in the order of appearance in the article, not in alphabetical order. Always follow information given to you by your lecturer regarding referencing.
- IEEE referencing examples (DOCX, 65 KB, 14 pages); updated April 2020
The Australian Guide to Legal Citation (AGLC) is a required referencing style for students enrolled in the Juris Doctor program at RMIT University. Always follow information given to you by your lecturer regarding referencing.
The AGLC 4th edition (2018) is published by the Melbourne University Law Review Association Inc. in collaboration with the Melbourne Journal of International Law Inc.
- Australian Guide to Legal Citation (AGLC) 4th ed, 2018 (view-only PDF is available for downloading).
- Australian Guide to Legal Citation (4th ed, 2018), published by Melbourne University Law Review Association Inc.
The MLA referencing style was developed by the Modern Languages Association of America (MLA). The organisation was founded in 1883, when modern languages were beginning to gain a place in the curriculum alongside the classical languages – ancient Greek and Latin. The MLA Handbook originated over fifty years ago being first published as the “MLA Style Sheet” in 1951.
The MLA Style Center is a free companion to the MLA Handbook. You can submit your own questions, get instructions on formatting research papers and use tools for creating works-cited-list entries.
Always follow information given to you by your lecturer regarding referencing.